Your spine, commonly referred to as your backbone, contains 26 different bones called vertebra. In between each vertebrae is a soft disk that is full of a jelly-like substance that cushions the bone and keeps it in place. When one of those disks slips out of place or ruptures it is called a herniated disk. If the disk happens to press on a nerve, you could experience mild to severe back pain or sciatica nerve pain.
Herniated disk symptoms can include:
- Back pain that extends to the lower back or buttocks area and into your upper legs (associated with herniated disks in the lower back)
- Neck pain that extends through the shoulders and upper arms (associated with herniated disks in the upper back)
- Numbness or tingling
- Weakness and/or muscle spasms
Most people can experience a full recovery in time with the proper treatment that includes rest, anti-inflammatory prescriptions and physical therapy. Losing weight can also alleviate extra pressure. Extreme cases will require surgery.
Dr. Fayaz may recommend surgery if other treatment options such as physical therapy and medications don’t reduce or stop the pain completely. Depending on your case, he will talk to you about the different kinds of surgery available and can help you determine what is the most appropriate procedure for you.
Dr. Fayaz may consider you a candidate for spinal surgery if medication and physical therapy have not worked and/or:
- Your back and/or leg pain limits or prevents normal activity.
- You develop leg weakness or numbness that progressively get worse, even after rest and medication.
- You lose control of bowel or bladder functions.
- It’s difficult for you to stand or walk.